THE LOSS OF OUR IDENTITY
From the last century, Britain has been changing her nationality laws. The UK is infamously one of the very countries that will distinguish her nationals into different classes of citizenship. Hong Kong people’s citizenship has been downgraded several times. British nationals in Hong Kong typically hold British National (Overseas) citizenship, however they have no right to live in UK and are not adequately protected by Britain.
Citizens of the United Kingdom and Colonies
BRITISH NATIONALITY ACT 1948
Created the new status of "Citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies" (CUKC)
For people born or naturalised in either the United Kingdom or one of its colonies
British colonies including Hong Kong had always shared equal rights with a common citizenship status of "British subject"
Until 1962, they could all enter and stay in the United Kingdom without any restrictions
(LATER CAUSED WINDRUSH SCANDAL)
To tighten immigration control
All CUKCs connected with Hong Kong were restricted and denied benefits to which they were entitled
They were abused and betrayed like the Windrush generation
British Overseas Territories Citizens*
BRITISH NATIONALITY ACT 1981
Abolished the status of CUKC
Replaced those who have CUKC status by connection with Hong Kong
those born in Hong Kong on or after 1983 to a parent settled in Hong Kong are British Overseas Territories Citizens*.
IMMIGRATION ACT 1971
Concept of partiality or right of abode was created.
UK in rare position of denying her nationals from Hong Kong entering their country of nationality
* British Overseas Territories Citizens (BOTC) is formerly named as British Dependent Territories Citizens (BDTC)
British National (Overseas)
SINO-BRITISH JOINT DECLARATION
HONG KONG ACT 1985
HONG KONG (BRITISH NATIONALITY) ORDER 1986
BN(O) are required to live in the UK for 5 or 10 years with restrictions to acquire British citizenship
BN(O) applicants were required to be British Overseas Territories citizens by a connection with Hong Kong before the registration deadlines
All of their British Overseas territories citizenships were removed upon the change of sovereignty of Hong Kong in 1997
BN(O) has very limited rights which have:
Neither the right of abode nor right to work in the United Kingdom
nor the right to pass this nationality to their children
BN(O)s are the British Nationals that are being treated as foreigners when entering the UK
FATE OF THE FORMER
Hong Kong was the only former colony that was given no right to determine its future, nor the right to retain their citizenship.
British overseas territories are under the sovereignty of the UK but do not form part of the UK itself. Most are internally self-governing.
Residents of those territories held British Overseas Territories Citizens (BOTC)*, nearly all of them are given British Citizenship on 2002^. They enjoy rights such as enjoying home student status in UK.
Their citizenship, once shared by Hong Kongers prior to 1997, British Overseas Territories Citizen (BOTC), was formerly called British Dependent Territories Citizenship (BDTC), automatically became a British citizen in 2002 if their citizenship was gained by connection with any qualifying territories.
LEFT TO A DICTATORSHIP,
SECOND-CLASSED BRITISH CITIZENSHIP
Hong Kong was the only British colony that was given neither British citizenship nor the chance to self-determine its future. When the Sino-British negotiation on Hong Kong’s future began, both sides made clear that Hong Kong people will not has a say in it. Britain eventually agreed giving up Hong Kong's sovereignty, and was rewarded with vast trade deal with China. Hong Kong was promised their way of life will not be changed for 50 years - which has proven to be a lie.
British Nationals with Hong Kong origin, was denied the right as other British Overseas territories citizens to British citizenship nor retaining their citizenship. They were only allowed to register for a nationality called British National (Overseas) (BN(O)), which has no right to live in the UK or HK.
GAIN THEIR INDEPENDENCE
Following the wave of decolonisation, most of the British colonies declared independence with decades after WWII. Congratulations to all those countries who finally win their right to deciding their own future and live as independent and proud countries rule by themselves.
“All peoples have the right of self-determination; by virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.”
It was a mistake to transfer the sovereignty of British Nationals of Hong Kong Origin over a dictatorship country like China back then. In the darkest hour of Hong Kong, the UK is responsible to not only Hong Kong, but also her nationals.
The UK can do better.
We can do better.
Britons in Hong Kong is working hard in this campaign. BN(O) as historical error must be corrected. Please help us to keep this fight for BNO right advocacy, and urges the UK to act a stronger stance on supporting Hong Kong by considering a donation and join our cause.